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Syria sightseeing. Travel guide - attractions, sights, nature and touristic places

Numerous magnificent monuments of the antique period, churches and monasteries, architectural complexes and museums remain the main attraction point for tourists in Syria. In the city of Aleppo it will be very interesting to visit an ancient fortress that is located on the main square. The fortress was built in the beginning of the 13th century; slowly more and more new buildings appeared near the fortress and in the end of the century it was already a big city instead of a small settlement. The fortress was a very important strategic point during the war with Mongolia. It successfully countered numerous attacks and managed to keep its original look. Nowadays, in the fort one can see old mosques, tombs, palaces and houses.
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The ancient city of Bosra is a very important archaeological landmark. During the prehistoric era there was a large city instead of modern Bosra. According to scientists, it was founded yet during the reign of Amenhotep. During the reign of the Roman Empire the city changed its name to Nova Trajana Bostra. For many years the city was the reason for military actions as it was located on the crossing of important trading routes. Later the city became the territory of the Byzantine Empire, so now it's possible to see architectural landmarks that belong to the three great epochs. In Bosra you will find ruins of first Arabian temples, an ancient Roman theatre and Byzantine churches.
Krak des Chevaliers Fortress, which is located not far away from Homs, is a very interesting landmark of the medieval time. The complex was constructed by the Hospitaller knights and originally it was surrounded by a tall stone wall with protective towers. Only a part of that wall has survived, but the fortress itself is in great condition. During an excursion in this place, you will learn many interesting facts about Krak des Chevaliers. It was considered the most impenetrable fortress in the country and only Sultan Baibars I managed to conquer the fortress by stratаgem. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
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Palmyra remains one of the most beautiful settlements in the country. According to the Bible, this ancient city was founded by Solomon himself. Nowadays, ruins of Roman palaces and forums remind of the glorious past of Palmyra. Besides important historical landmarks, Palmyra is distinguished by magnificent nature as it was built in oasis in the desert. As the settlement is very popular with travelers, modern hotels started appearing near Palmyra, so a vacation there will be not only interesting but also comfortable.
Reference information
Map of all castles
Castles of Syria
♥   Castle 'Citadel of Bosra' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Citadel of Damascus' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Citadel of Homs' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Citadel of Tartus' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Fakhr-al-Din al-Maani Castle' . On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in Syria
♥   Palace 'Royal Palace of Mari' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Tishreen Palace' Damascus. On the map   Photos

Famous and uniques places in Syria from our review series

Saidnaya and Maaloula

From the series “ Survived artifacts of early Christian civilization”
Those who are interested in the history of the Christian culture are recommended to visit ancient settlements in Syria. Saidnaya and Maaloula are excellent examples of communities that were able to save not only the priceless Christian places of interest, but also a unique way of life. These small villages are very close to each other, so as part of the tour travelers usually visit them together.

According to the latest data, the population of Maaloula is not more than 1 000 people; about 2/3 of their number are Christians. This picturesque mountain village can boast with the Mar Thecla monastery that is famous far beyond the country. The monastery is carved in the rock. Its main feature is a small cave with a chapel. According to one of the ancient legends, relics of St. Thecla are kept … Read all

Amphitheatre Bosra

From the series “Ancient amphitheaters and arenas, that are still operational”
The main historical symbol of the Syrian city of Bosra is an ancient amphitheater, which was built in the 2nd century AD. The ancient amphitheater, designed for 15000 spectators, was built from black basalt, the most common building material for these places. The ancient arena, like many other similar structures, is distinguished by its unique acoustics. Despite its greatness, 200 years after the construction, the amphitheater began to lose its primary importance.

In the 5th century it was supplemented by a number of fortification structures. Powerful fortress walls were built, the construction was surrounded by a deep moat. From an architectural point of view, the amphitheater in Bosra is a rather unusual building. Unlike many Roman amphitheaters, it was built not on the mountainside, … Read all

Damascus

From the series “The oldest inhabited cities on the planet”
One of the oldest cities in the world can be found in Syria. Damascus has gained worldwide fame through its interesting and culturally rich history. The age of archaeological artifacts discovered during exploration of the city is about 12,000 years. Those are evidences of first settlements. However, a major city was founded on the site of Damascus much later, in the 15th century BC. Aramean tribes are considered its founders.

Modern Damascus is the capital of Syria, and the second most populous city in the country, standing on its territory is home to about 1.5 million people. The primary interest of tourists is Old Town surrounded by fortification walls, the construction of which took place during the reign of the Roman Empire.

These walls hide numerous ancient monuments of world … Read all
All unique sightseeing Syria
Country maps Maps of Syria
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Syria

Sightseeing in popular cities of Syria

Damascus
The main place of interest of the city is Umayyad Mosque built in 715 by Caliph Al Walid. Currently this is one of the most highly valued mosques in the Muslim world. Near the mosque there is a separated place that keeps the head of Hussein and a hair from the beard of the Prophet Muhammad. Umayyad Mosque has a composition of unique mosaics made of gold smalt. Damascus is included in the list of world’s heritage by UNESCO. In this city you will find ancient medieval merese and markets, Bab … Read more

Map of travel guides to Syria cities

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