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Mongolia sightseeing. Travel guide - attractions, sights, nature and touristic places

Wonderful nature remains the biggest attraction of this beautiful Asian country – horizon-less desserts, green steeps, emerald lakes and picturesque piedmont regions. Every year this beautiful country attracts numerous fans of eco-tourism. The great way to start your exploration of the local culture is to visit the capital of Mongolia, the city of Ulaanbaatar. Your excursion program should definitely include a visit to the ancient Monastery of Gandan (Gandantegchinlen). The monastery is home to a priceless relic - one of the tallest statues of Buddha in the world. The height of the Statue is 28 meters; covered with a thin layer of gold, the statue is added to the list of most important religious artefacts in the world. An excursion to the Museum of Natural History will be no less interesting. In this museum one can see skeletons of dinosaurs and other interesting archaeological findings.
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The grand Desert of Gobi occupies more than a half of the country's territory. The southern part of the desert is traditionally the most famous among tourists. This is where several important archaeological zones are located. Tourists are welcome to stay in a yurt and feel the local lifestyle. However, skeletons of dinosaurs remain the main treasure that is hidden in the sands of Gobi. The first skeleton was discovered yet in 1922 by archaeologists from the United States. Currently, all findings of scientists can be seen in the museum of Ulaanbaatar.
Travelers are also recommended to visit the Yolyn Am Canyon. This is a narrow gorge, where one can see a giant glacier and enjoy fantastic mountain landscapes. The Khongoryn Els - the Singing Sands - is one more interesting nature reserve. Here visitors have a unique opportunity to make a jeep safari on sand dunes, see flora and fauna of the desert and enjoy the breath-taking sunset. The next nature landmark, which is worth the attention of travelers, is Lake Khuvsgul nuur. The lake is located among mountains; according to a theory of scientists, the lakes Khuvsgul and Baikal have an underground interconnection. The size of the lake is 136 x 36 kilometers, and it's formed by more than a hundred rivers that sink into it. Khuvsgul nuur is surrounded by lush mountain forests that are home to more than 70 species of animals - deer, wolves, elks, lynxes, bears and as many as 250 types of different birds. Copyright
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When it comes to describing architectural landmarks of the country, it's simply impossible to fail to mention the Erdene Zuu Monastery, the oldest Monastery in Mongolia, located in the city of Karakorum. The monastery was built in 1568 and is surrounded by a thick stone wall, which makes a shrine look like a medieval fortress. Manshir/Manzushir Monastery, which was built in the beginning of the eighteenth century, is also worth visiting. There are giant stones with the pictures of Buddha installed around the monastery. This amazing sanctuary is protected by the government.

Famous and uniques places in Mongolia from our review series

Erdene Zuu Monastery

From the series “The surviving artifacts of Buddhist civilization”
Survived ancient monasteries in Mongolia attract huge interest. The monastery of Erdene Zuu is considered special among them. In fact, Erdene Zuu Monastery is the temple complex consisting of three separate buildings that are excellent examples of Tibetan, Mongolian, and Chinese architecture. The monastery was founded in the late 16th century. Since then, it has been carrying one constant name. Originally, more than 10 000 lamas were living there.

At present, the monastery is inactive. The Laviran Temple is the only one operating shrine remained on its territory. A museum dedicated to the ancient culture is open in one of the old buildings. Pilgrims and tourists are attracted to the ancient monastery by Buddhist relics gathered within its walls. Those include the statue of Ikh-Tzu, in … Read all

Genghis Khan Statue

From the series “The most grandiose statues and monuments”
In Tsonjin-Boldog region of Mongolia one can see the world's largest equestrian statue, the monument to Genghis Khan. Its height, excluding a pedestal, is 40 meters. The monument was opened in 2008. The sculpture is complemented with 36 columns that symbolize the Khans of the Mongol Empire, who ruled in the period from Genghis Khan to Ligden Borjigin Khan. It is important to note that the monument location was not chosen by chance. According to a legend, this is where Genghis Khan found the golden whip.

The two-storey pedestal attracts enormous interest. The monument is placed on the 10-meter high platform. The pedestal houses several important cultural and entertainment venues. There is a historical museum, an art gallery, as well as several restaurants and souvenir shops. In addition, … Read all

Gobi Desert

From the series “Places hiding fossils of dinosaurs”
Mongolian Gobi desert also hides in its sands many amazing ancient artifacts. Besides bones, first dinosaur eggs in the world were found there. Those were sized like an average potato. As scientists say, millions of years ago, new species of ancient dinosaurs were ready to be born from these eggs. Then Bain-Dzak area was studied, and almost entire dinosaur eggs were found there.

Previously, fragments of an eggshell of ancient lizards were also found in Kazakhstan. In 1968, the first sensational discovery was followed by another. Researchers found eggs of much larger dinosaurs close to Ulanqab. Medium items were about 1.7 liters in volume. In the largest of the detected clutches, 6 eggs were found. All of them had the shell damaged in the upper part. It is likely that the young dinosaurs … Read all
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Sightseeing in popular cities of Mongolia

Several attractions are located near the central square of the city. Here you will see the most famous monument of the city, which is called the Bell of Peace. Sükhbaatar's Mausoleum is located just and opposite to this monument. These historical sites remind of the national hero who has taken part in the struggling for independence. Winter Palace is one of the most beautiful buildings. It was built in the beginning of the 20th century by the order of the last emperor of the country. There … Read more

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