Top architectural sightseeing and landmarks of Jakarta - ideas on city exploration routes
The cultural capital of Indonesia - Jakarta – never ceases to attract travelers by dozens of iconic architectural and cultural landmarks. Istiqlal Mosque, National Monument, Cathedral Jakarta, and Museum Bank Indonesia is, by far, not the complete collection of objects of interest. In this review, we will try to include descriptions of the most important architectural landmarks of Jakarta. We accompany them with interesting facts, colorful photographs, and 3D virtual tours. These 3D tours allow you observing the landmarks from a bird’s eye view. Simply turn on the HD video and enjoy the flight!
Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta
» Masjid Istiqlal was built at the site of the former fortification in the middle of the 19th century. In 1955, the contest on design projects was won by a Christian architect.
» The construction lasted 17 years. The new building was officially built in 1978. It accommodates up to 120 thousand people.
» The main building has a semicircular dome with a diameter of 45 m. It is crowned with a spire in the shape of the crescent with a star. 12 columns uphold the vault.
» In the Prayer Hall, there are three-tier balconies upheld by the columns. The mosque is two rectangular constructions of different size.
» It’s spacious inside and there are no unnecessary things. The columns end with aluminum plates.
» There is an arch niche upheld by the columns in the central wall. The imam usually sits in it when he prays. Sermons are preached from the tribune.
» On steel construction, the names of Allah and Muhammad are written in Arabic. The total area of the entire space is 10 hectares. The minaret is almost 100 meters high. The facade of the building is made of marble and stainless steel.
National Monument, Jakarta
» The construction consists of big stone blocks. It ends with the observation platform that has a panoramic view of the city. It is necessary to cross 115 m by lift from the ground to the observation platform. The total area of the platform is 45 m2.
» Its top is crowned with the installation in the shape of the flame covered with gold. It weighs 33 kg. The torch is made of bronze. There are lift motors hidden inside the item. The monument represents the country’s struggle for independence.
» There is a museum in the underground part of the construction. 50 paintings in the shape of the semicircular tape depict historic events taking place in the country. There is a comfortable park around the stele.
» There is a pool cooling the air-conditioning system near the tower. The locals call the National Monument “Monas” as a reminder of the masculine and feminine.
» There are many halls in it. Relief patterns of historic events are carved on the walls. The original document of the country’s independence and state symbols are kept here. The facade is tiled with Italian marble.
Cathedral Jakarta, Jakarta
» The temple resembles a cross with its exterior. It consists of red brick and wooden constructions. The walls are faced with plaster with patterns.
» There is a central entrance on the west side. The main portal is decorated with the statue of the Virgin Mary (it causes the official name of the cathedral; the locals name it Gareja).
» There is a colorful window in the shape of the rose (Rosa Mystica) above the sculpture. This type of glass with a unique design represents the Mother of God. There are lines in Latin above it.
» The construction is crowned with 3 carved spires. Two high 60-meter spires are installed at the side of it. The 45-meter edge decorates the eastern part of the building.
» There is a tower from the southern side where the old clock is located. At the second level, there is a museum dedicated to the history of the Catholic Church.
» Religious rites are accompanied with organ music and church choirs. The organ was delivered from Belgium in 1988. The hall has such miraculous acoustics due to the high ceiling and its arches.
Museum Bank Indonesia, Jakarta
» In the building, you can see collectible coins and paper money, as well as the money of ancient Indonesian countries. They represent the history of the local currency and the situation in the banking sector of the country.
» There are over 60 thousand exhibits. 5 000 items were found during archaeological expeditions in Indonesia.
» The Museum also houses the data on the banking system of the country from the time of the arrival of European colonists to the current system enacted in 1953.
» You can touch interesting interactive exhibits here. Clients can also watch the film of a particular genre. Collections are divided up according to themes: stone sculptures and the treasure room.
» There are two dolls of soldiers at the entrance. You can see the dummies of bank officers in every showroom.
» In one of the rooms, you can see books that weigh 20 and 28 kg. Financial transactions were inked in these books.
Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, Jakarta
» It accommodates over 100 thousand visitors. It was reconstructed several times. After the last reconstruction, the number of seats declined (99 thousand seats).
» In 2007, the Asian Football Championship was held here. 8 matches of the tournament, including the final match of the championship, were held here.
» Today, it is one of the busiest stadiums. It is the 21st stadium among the largest sports grounds.
» The arena was named Bung Karno after the first elected Head of Indonesia. Festive events, concerts, and other entertainment events are held at the Bung Karno Stadium.
» The territory of the Karno Stadium is surrounded by green plantings. People can easily jog here during the evening hours because the surroundings are illuminated.
» For safety reasons, it is impossible to get to the stadium when competitions are not held. Significant sports events are held at the stadium.
» It has a big dome to protect it from the bad weather and heat.
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Wisma 46, Jakarta
Facts: » Wisma 46 is a skyscraper in Jakarta. It was built in 1996. 46 is the number of floors, apart from two underground levels for car parking. The entire area of the building is 140 m2. The construction is 200 m high and the curved spire is 62 meters high.
» The facade of the building is made of granite and glass. It is mostly white and blue. Wisma resembles a vertical post with blue windows.
» There is a glass tower at its bottom. The rectangular concrete construction includes a curved spire. The construction is open on both sides. The whole construction gives the impression that you see a high wave.
» Such an architectural style characterizes the modern and postmodern style that uses curved lines of the main facade. When it was being constructed, new materials and up-to-date technologies were used. The shape and color of the construction blends into the surroundings harmoniously.
» Visitors are served by 23 high-speed lifts (360 m per minute). The construction cost 132 million dollars.
» There is a business center in the territory of the shopping mall KotaBIN. Most of its rooms are rented by banks, offices of international companies, stores, and entertainment venues.
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