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India sightseeing. Travel guide - attractions, sights, nature and touristic places

India has always attracted numerous tourists from different parts of the world by its wonderful beaches, bright colours of weightless sari and snow that is so unusual for a country with hot climate. India is a country with rich culture and heritage that never ceases to amaze visitors with its uniqueness.
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Beautiful temples have become the signature landmark of the country. The most famous temples are located in the city of Deli. This city is so rich in religious sanctuaries and historic monuments that it is often called “the Mausoleum of the East”. Such temples as Gurudwara Sis Ganj, Lakshmi Narayan Temple, the Temple of Goddess Kali and the Temple of Lotus deserve closest attention. There are also several ancient mosques in Deli. They are also worth visiting as these are beautiful old buildings with luxurious premises.
The most famous mosques, which are recommended for a visit, are Jama Masjid, Minasel, Oila-t-Kuhna Masid, Moth-ki-Masjid, Fathehpur Sikri, Sunehri Masjid and Zeenat-ul Masjid. The majority of the abovementioned mosques were built in the 15th – 16th centuries. There are also mausoleums that belong to the 13th – 14th centuries - Adham Khan's Tomb, the tomb of Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, the tomb of Sultan Guri, Humayun's Tomb and Hazrat Nizamuddin Dargah. These buildings have not only historical, but also architectural value as many of them are true masterpieces of architectural art. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
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Another beautiful landmark is located in the city of Amritsar. This is the Harmandir Sahib (better known as the Golden Temple), which was open in 1577. The complex is surrounded by the so called “holy lake”, the water from which is believed to have healing properties. City suburbs are famous for amazing pine woods and several popular resorts – Simla, Kulu, Masuri and Nainital. These resorts are a perfect choice for fans of alpine ski and rest in the mountains.
The city of Mumbai is one more interesting tourist destination. This old city has retained its original look despite numerous modern buildings and skyscrapers. One can still see posh mansions and ancient churches in old quarters of Mumbai. The most famous sights of the modern part are the Fortress and several churches of the 18th century. The most famous sanctuaries of the city are Saint Thomas Church, Saint John’s Church, Mahalakshmi Temple, Haji Ali Mosque and St. Michael's Church. Guests of Mumbai are also recommended to visit the Museum of Western India, Taraporewala Aquarium and Victoria Gardens Park.
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History and Entertainment

On the territory of India, the remains of the oldest settlements on the Earth were found. The territory of the present country was populated even 200 000 years ago. Initially, the territory was populated by nomadic people. The first permanent settlements were formed here 9 000 years ago. In the 5th century BC, the Indian territory consisted of 16 independent kingdoms that were consequently unified in large countries.
This was primarily caused by multiple Persian and Greek invasions. The development of new countries was expedited by trade relations with the Roman Empire. In the 7th century, the large state was established and called North India governed by Harsha the Emperor. When he died, noble dynasties had multiple military conflicts for the right to control the country. The early Middle Ages were marked by multiple invasions of Turks, Arabs and Afghans who conquered the significant part of the territory of North India and formed the Delhi Sultanate here.
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Another striking point in the history of the country was the formation of the Great Mongol Empire by Babur in 1526. Consequently, the Empire had existed for 200 years. In the 18th century, it started falling into decline because of multiple military conflicts. After the collapse of the Mongol Empire, several regional kingdoms were formed. At the beginning of the 19th century, these lands saw the colonial epoch.
The Portuguese, Danes, Dutchmen and the French fought for the right to possess the territory. The British colonizers did not stay on the sidelines. Exactly Great Britain gained full control over the territory. At the beginning of the 20th century, local residents started establishing liberation movements. The country gained independence from Great Britain in 1947.
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Thousands of years of the eventful and interesting history certainly reflected in Indian culture and traditions. India is famous for beautiful national holidays, most of which have the Buddhist roots. One of the most interesting celebrations for tourists is the Ganesha Festival held in Mumbai in mid-September. Another interesting festival, Diwali, is held in the first half of November. Now, everyone can take part in all festive entertainments here.

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in India

Reference information
Map of all parks
National and city parks of India
♥   National Park 'Anamudi Shola' . On the map   Photos
♥   National Park 'Anshi' . On the map   Photos
♥   National Park 'Balphakram' . On the map   Photos
♥   National Park 'Bandhavgarh' . On the map   Photos
♥   National Park 'Bandipur' . On the map   Photos
Map of all castles
Castles of India
♥   Castle 'Anegondi Fort' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Ankola Fort' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Bandhavgarh Fort' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Bangalore Fort' . On the map   Photos
♥   Castle 'Barabati fort' . On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in India
♥   Palace 'Arki Palace Himachal' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Bangalore Palace' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Bhutan House' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Bilara Palace' Rajasthan. On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'British Residency' Kollam. On the map   Photos

Famous and uniques places in India from our review series

Cherrapunji

From the series “The most extreme settlements on the planet”
In India, travelers will have an opportunity to visit a small town of Cherrapunji, which is considered the rainiest settlement in the world. It's raining here literally every day. On average, it's about 12 000 mm of rainfall per year. About 10 000 people constantly live in the town. Daily walks down the street with an umbrella or raincoat become a commonplace for them. The town has a large cement factory, and there are several industrial centers for the extraction of coal and limestone in the surrounding area.

Due to the fact that the soil is constantly washed away by heavy rains, locals don't have opportunities to engage in the agriculture. Trade and working at large industrial plants are main means of livelihood for people. The peculiar landscape of the area forms unusual climatic … Read all

Mahaparinirvana and Parinirvana Stupa Temple

From the series “The surviving artifacts of Buddhist civilization”
Mahaparinirvana temple and Parinirvana Stupa are located in the Indian city of Kushinagar. These sights are usually regarded as a single point of interest, as they are very near to each other. The small town of Kushinagar is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in the world. According to the legends, it is here that Gautama Buddha attained parinirvana. Heyday of the town came in the 5-3 century BC. During the reign of King Ashoka, multiple viharas and stupas were built on its territory.

The city flourished until the 12th century BC, and then was abandoned and forgotten. Many of its unique religious sites have been lost forever. In the late 19th century, the ancient city attracted archaeologists that began excavation. As a result many priceless artifacts, including the ruins of the … Read all

Bodhi Tree

From the series “The surviving artifacts of Buddhist civilization”
A lot of amazing Buddhist sites can be seen in India. A legendary Bodhi tree is among them. This is not just a natural attraction, but a unique historical object, which is associated with many incredible legends and historical facts. It’s believed that Buddha was born under this tree. Later he attained enlightenment there.

It is obvious that the tree that has grown 2 500 years ago in Nepal, hasn’t been preserved to our days. The sight that travelers can admire today in the Indian town of Bodh Gaya is a direct descendant of prehistoric Bodhi tree. The tree in Nepal, under which the Buddha attained enlightenment, did not survive. A new tree of its seed was grown in Sri Lanka, in the city of Anuradhapura. At this time, the head of state was the king Asoka. He guarded the tree and … Read all
All unique sightseeing India
Country maps Maps of India
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in India

Sightseeing in popular cities of India

New Delhi
An important historical site is Lāl Qila, which is also commonly known under the name of "Red Fort". Red sandstone served as the main building material for the erection of this fortification. Over the centuries, the fort has been the country's main governmental residence. Today, it is striking in its impressive scale and the main value - its luxurious interior decoration. New Delhi has the largest mosque in India - the Jama Masjid, it was built in the middle of the 17th century by the … Read more
Bombay
One of the city's brightest architectural attractions is Victoria Station, the construction of which was completed in 1888. The station building represents an amazing combination of Gothic and Victorian architectural elements. It looks more like a chic palace than a railway station at first sight. The building is decorated with many elegant arches and tall columns, as well as thematic sculptural compositions. The interior is equally exquisitely decorated with beautiful tiles and carved wooden … Read more
Bangalore
Lovers of wildlife will be in for an interesting surprise during rest too, as they will be able to visit located in the immediate vicinity of Bangalore National Park Bannerghatta. This National Park is one of the largest and most interesting in the country, with an area of over 104 square kilometres. The park was founded in 1974 and today on its territory are carried out exciting safaris and walks, during which you can admire the wild animals. The variety of fauna is simply amazing, in this … Read more
Chennai
Another fascinating temple is Arunachaleswarar located in the incredibly beautiful natural area at the foot of Mount Arunachal. The old temple constructed in the 16th century is devoted to the god Shiva and is one of the most mystical churches in India. The temple is a large complex of buildings occupying over 10 hectares. Today, it is visited by many pilgrims. According to one of the rites, they need to circle the mountain barefoot to get divinely enlightened. In the vicinity of … Read more
Goa
Despite the fact that beaches are main local attractions, travelers have an opportunity to devote time to the most unusual and original activities. Walks along the coast are very popular; you can also take a rickshaw or rent a small boat and go exploring local attractions. As for water sports, there are no restrictions at all. Diving, fishing, spearfishing, boating and skydiving are represented there; every beach certainly has sports equipment rentals, diving schools and mass entertainment. … Read more

Map of travel guides to India cities

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