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Egypt sightseeing. Travel guide - attractions, sights, nature and touristic places

Pyramids have always been the main symbol of Egypt. There are more than a hundred of pyramids in the country. Giza is the location of the most famous landmark of Egypt – the Great Pyramid of Giza. The complex consists of three pyramids that are named after pharaohs Khafre, Cheops and Menkaure. These magnificent buildings are surrounded by tombs of other noble people – famous politicians, priests, pharaoh wives and other important figures of those days. The Great Sphinx of Giza is the most unusual statue in whole Egypt. The sphinx was made from a solid rock. Unfortunately, during its long history the statue was damaged during attacks of Mamlukes and Napoleon army. Nowadays, visitors can see an interesting laser show that takes place near the pyramids every evening.
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Saqqara necropolis is one more interesting archaeological site in Egypt. This place is famous for numerous temple ruins, some of which are several thousand years old, several pyramids and tombs. Saqqara is also the location of the Pyramid of Djoser, which is one of the oldest pyramids in Egypt. The beautiful Egyptian city of Memphis attracts travellers who come to see the statue of Ramesses II. The height of the statue is 20 metres. This unique statue is exhibited in a special pavilion; there is also a statue of a smaller sphinx (the Sphinx of Memphis) nearby.
Cairo, the capital of the country, remains the most popular tourist destination. The city is rich in various places of interest and numerous museums. A visit to Cairo is also a great way to get acquainted with Egyptian culture. The list of most famous architect objects includes the Saladin Citadel of Cairo, Luxor temples and Al Azar University. When it comes to museums, the most famous and frequently visited one is the Museum of Egypt that exhibits large collections of archaeological and historical findings. The “newest” artefacts exhibited are at least two thousand years old. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
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Fans of shopping will never be bored in Egypt as the city is home to the biggest market of the East - Khan el Khalili Bazaar. The total square of the market is 5 sq. km., and it’s possible to buy nearly everything there – from exotic fruit to magnificent jewellery.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria is one more landmark of international level. The lighthouse was destroyed by an earthquake in the 14th century. One hundred years later a beautiful castle named the Citadel of Qaitbay was built on its site. The Valley of Mummies is one of most mysterious and unusual places in Egypt. It was discovered by archaeologists in 1997.

Famous and uniques places in Egypt from our review series

Oasis de Siwa

From the series “The most cozy towns full of Zen”
Even in Egypt, with its desert landscapes and sweltering heat, you can find the amazingly beautiful places that you won’t like to leave. A perfect example is the oasis of Siwa. It has a rather impressive scale. The length of the oasis is about 50 km, and the width is 20 km. At the heart of this beautiful oasis there is a town, whose population is about 7 000 people. Next to it there are lots of smaller settlements, which are home to other 16 000 people.

About one hundred years ago, Siwa began to attract the attention of archaeologists. They were able to find out that this picturesque oasis has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Travelers who visit this incredibly beautiful area, are able to stroll through the extensive olive and palm groves, visit the quiet villages, and get … Read all

Shrine of Sohag City

From the series “ Survived artifacts of early Christian civilization”
The Egyptian city of Sohag is considered to be a real Christian open-air museum. Numerous religious sites with a long history are situated there. This is a beautiful modern city with lively streets and spectacular architecture. Here, Christian shrines can be seen along with the majestic mosques. There are several monasteries and temples. The most famous monastery is Anba Beshoy and the church of St. Psoy situated on its territory.

The exact history of the emergence of religious sites is unknown. Using the available manuscripts, researchers only found out that shrines were built in the 5th century. After more than 1 500 years, the old monastery has survived perfectly.  A series of unique Christian jewels were preserved in its walls. Visitors of the old monastery will be able to see the … Read all

The St. Catherine's Monastery

From the series “ Survived artifacts of early Christian civilization”
The St. Catherine's Monastery located on the Sinai Peninsula is also known as the Sinai monastery. That's a Christian landmark of world importance. It is located in an incredibly picturesque remote mountain area, at the foot of Mount Sinai, at an altitude of 1 570 meters above sea level. According to historical records, the monastery was founded in the 6th century by an order of Emperor Justinian. In 2002, the ancient monastery was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The monastery is an elaborated and very large architectural complex that includes the Basilica of the Transfiguration, the Chapel of the Burning Bush and a number of other important buildings, among which there are symbolic biblical objects. The Moses Well that is mentioned in the Bible is situated there. One of the … Read all
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Sightseeing in popular cities of Egypt

Cairo
On the territory of the city are located over a hundred of pyramids, and each one of them is full of its own legends and secrets. The Pyramid of Cheops remains an unforgettable manmade masterpiece and an internationally famous tourist spot. The height of the pyramid estimates 147 meters. Many fascinating hypotheses and theories are connected with this unique architectural facility. However, the main mystery, the purpose of the pyramids, still remains unknown. Even these days archeologists keep … Read more
Sharm el-Sheikh
The resort is famous by its very hot desert climate. It is true that in winter (January-February) nights here are rather cool (+15 ° C, and sometimes even +10 ° C), but the daylight quickly warms the air. In summer the temperature here may exceed +40 ° C. However, due to low humidity transferring heat is not a big problem. Sharm El Sheikh is particularly popular among diving fans. Rich underwater life, beautiful coral reefs, and clear water here attract diving enthusiasts from all over the … Read more
Hurghada
However, Egypt is not only a popular tourist destination as this place also attracts visitors by its history and sights. The old part of the city provides visitors with an opportunity to inspect the mosque named after Abdul Hassan Al Shazli, who has been born in this region. You will also find Coptic Church here. An amazing "East Disneyland" park offers stunning evening performances devoted to the theme of the ancient Egypt. The unique nature of Egypt is another treasure of this area. Make a … Read more
Alexandria
The oldest building here is the catacombs of Kom El-Shouqafa, which have been created in the 1st-2nd centuries. The catacombs feature one of the largest Roman burial areas; the catacombs have 3 tiers, two of which, unfortunately, are now flooded. One of the most beautiful religious buildings is Mosque of Abu-al-Abbas that was built in the 13th century by order of Sheikh Abu Al-Hasan. The mosque is created in best traditions of previous centuries, and its design and interior remain in great … Read more
South Sinai Region
South Sinai features a wonderful religious monument, St. Catherine's Monastery. It was founded in the 4th century and is still active today. The ancient monastery is a landmark of world importance; it’s located at the foot of Mount Sinai, which is also among the prominent attractions of the region. The mountain is 2285 meters high. Many incredible stories are associated with it. Many surprises are waiting for fans of natural attractions, as the region has unique national parks. The most … Read more

Map of travel guides to Egypt cities

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