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Egypt sightseeing. Travel guide - attractions, sights, nature and touristic places

Pyramids have always been the main symbol of Egypt. There are more than a hundred of pyramids in the country. Giza is the location of the most famous landmark of Egypt – the Great Pyramid of Giza. The complex consists of three pyramids that are named after pharaohs Khafre, Cheops and Menkaure. These magnificent buildings are surrounded by tombs of other noble people – famous politicians, priests, pharaoh wives and other important figures of those days. The Great Sphinx of Giza is the most unusual statue in whole Egypt. The sphinx was made from a solid rock. Unfortunately, during its long history the statue was damaged during attacks of Mamlukes and Napoleon army. Nowadays, visitors can see an interesting laser show that takes place near the pyramids every evening.
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Saqqara necropolis is one more interesting archaeological site in Egypt. This place is famous for numerous temple ruins, some of which are several thousand years old, several pyramids and tombs. Saqqara is also the location of the Pyramid of Djoser, which is one of the oldest pyramids in Egypt. The beautiful Egyptian city of Memphis attracts travellers who come to see the statue of Ramesses II. The height of the statue is 20 metres. This unique statue is exhibited in a special pavilion; there is also a statue of a smaller sphinx (the Sphinx of Memphis) nearby.
Cairo, the capital of the country, remains the most popular tourist destination. The city is rich in various places of interest and numerous museums. A visit to Cairo is also a great way to get acquainted with Egyptian culture. The list of most famous architect objects includes the Saladin Citadel of Cairo, Luxor temples and Al Azar University. When it comes to museums, the most famous and frequently visited one is the Museum of Egypt that exhibits large collections of archaeological and historical findings. The “newest” artefacts exhibited are at least two thousand years old. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
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Fans of shopping will never be bored in Egypt as the city is home to the biggest market of the East - Khan el Khalili Bazaar. The total square of the market is 5 sq. km., and it’s possible to buy nearly everything there – from exotic fruit to magnificent jewellery.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria is one more landmark of international level. The lighthouse was destroyed by an earthquake in the 14th century. One hundred years later a beautiful castle named the Citadel of Qaitbay was built on its site. The Valley of Mummies is one of most mysterious and unusual places in Egypt. It was discovered by archaeologists in 1997.
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History and Entertainment

Egypt is one of the oldest countries in the world. In the 4th century BC, about 20 large city-states were located on the shores of the Nile. They were unified into one country afterwards. It was formed approximately in 2700 BC. The first capital of Egypt was Memphis. For hundreds of years, the powerful country had managed to fend Hyksos and Assyrians off. Only in 30 BC, Egypt lost its independence and became a part of the Roman Empire.
In the 4th-7th centuries AD, the country was under Byzantium and after over 500 years – under the Arab caliphate. Egypt did not also elude the times of the Ottoman Empire’s reign that had been lasting for almost 400 years. In the late 19th century, the country became a British colony. It became officially independent of Great Britain in 1922.
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Despite the fact that a lot of travelers come to Egypt for beach recreation and sightseeing tours, the country is not limited only to these entertainments. The Nile cruises aboard of luxurious cruise liners are very popular with tourists. These liners even resemble fashionable floating hotels offering its guests the best conditions for comfortable leisure and entertainments. During such cruises, you can see attractions of old cities, acquaint with the national cuisine and take part in interesting evening entertainments.
Shopping enthusiasts should definitely pay their attention to local markets and workshops where they can buy a lot of interesting products. The most popular souvenirs are hookahs. In Egypt, you also can buy lovely natural cotton items at an affordable price. The important peculiarity of large tourist cities is a wide choice of jewelry workshops that are also distinguished by attractive prices.
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In colorful Egyptian markets, you can buy natural essential oils and perfumes and cosmetics produced of them. Other popular gifts are spices and sweets. Local markets attract gourmets too. Here, at small cafes and restaurants, you can taste the most popular national dishes. For European tourists, fried pigeons are real exotics. They are even bred in Egypt in gastronomic purposes.

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Egypt

Famous and uniques places in Egypt from our review series

Oasis de Siwa

From the series “The most cozy towns full of Zen”
Even in Egypt, with its desert landscapes and sweltering heat, you can find the amazingly beautiful places that you won’t like to leave. A perfect example is the oasis of Siwa. It has a rather impressive scale. The length of the oasis is about 50 km, and the width is 20 km. At the heart of this beautiful oasis there is a town, whose population is about 7 000 people. Next to it there are lots of smaller settlements, which are home to other 16 000 people.

About one hundred years ago, Siwa began to attract the attention of archaeologists. They were able to find out that this picturesque oasis has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Travelers who visit this incredibly beautiful area, are able to stroll through the extensive olive and palm groves, visit the quiet villages, and get … Read all

Shrine of Sohag City

From the series “ Survived artifacts of early Christian civilization”
The Egyptian city of Sohag is considered to be a real Christian open-air museum. Numerous religious sites with a long history are situated there. This is a beautiful modern city with lively streets and spectacular architecture. Here, Christian shrines can be seen along with the majestic mosques. There are several monasteries and temples. The most famous monastery is Anba Beshoy and the church of St. Psoy situated on its territory.

The exact history of the emergence of religious sites is unknown. Using the available manuscripts, researchers only found out that shrines were built in the 5th century. After more than 1 500 years, the old monastery has survived perfectly.  A series of unique Christian jewels were preserved in its walls. Visitors of the old monastery will be able to see the … Read all

The St. Catherine's Monastery

From the series “ Survived artifacts of early Christian civilization”
The St. Catherine's Monastery located on the Sinai Peninsula is also known as the Sinai monastery. That's a Christian landmark of world importance. It is located in an incredibly picturesque remote mountain area, at the foot of Mount Sinai, at an altitude of 1 570 meters above sea level. According to historical records, the monastery was founded in the 6th century by an order of Emperor Justinian. In 2002, the ancient monastery was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The monastery is an elaborated and very large architectural complex that includes the Basilica of the Transfiguration, the Chapel of the Burning Bush and a number of other important buildings, among which there are symbolic biblical objects. The Moses Well that is mentioned in the Bible is situated there. One of the … Read all
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Sightseeing in popular cities of Egypt

Cairo
In Cairo is the world-famous Blue Mosque. It is open to adherents of absolutely all religions. The mosque is very large and has a luxurious decoration. Beautiful green and blue faience were used while finishing its prayer hall. Experienced travelers are advised to visit the mosque in the early morning, at this time the number of tourists is not so great, and you can enjoy the surrounding architectural beauty in a deserted environment. In the heart of the city is the greatest architectural … Read more
Sharm el-Sheikh
The resort is famous by its very hot desert climate. It is true that in winter (January-February) nights here are rather cool (+15 ° C, and sometimes even +10 ° C), but the daylight quickly warms the air. In summer the temperature here may exceed +40 ° C. However, due to low humidity transferring heat is not a big problem. Sharm El Sheikh is particularly popular among diving fans. Rich underwater life, beautiful coral reefs, and clear water here attract diving enthusiasts from all over the … Read more
Hurghada
However, Egypt is not only a popular tourist destination as this place also attracts visitors by its history and sights. The old part of the city provides visitors with an opportunity to inspect the mosque named after Abdul Hassan Al Shazli, who has been born in this region. You will also find Coptic Church here. An amazing "East Disneyland" park offers stunning evening performances devoted to the theme of the ancient Egypt. The unique nature of Egypt is another treasure of this area. Make a … Read more
Alexandria
Those who look for an interesting place to walk, should pay attention to the charming area Anfoushi. Many tourists are attracted to this historic quarter by national restaurants with reasonable prices; here, for a small fee, you can try the most popular national dishes. The neighbourhood is ideal for taking a stroll, its streets filled with beautiful historic buildings, of which some old houses are now working craft and souvenir shops.  One of the most interesting cultural sites of the city … Read more
Sinai
Taba is one more beautiful resort town, even though it is not as famous as Sharm el-Sheikh. However, that doesn’t mean that Taba is deprived of luxurious hotels that fit all international standards. Fans of water sports are particularly fond of this resort. Taba also has excellent conditions for diving and snorkeling. In case you seek extreme or unusual experiences, consider trying golf in the desert. Nuweiba is a port town that is suitable for different kinds of sports. It attracts numerous … Read more

Map of travel guides to Egypt cities

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