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Czech Republic

Nature of Czech Republic - national parks and reserves for active recreation

Located in the center of the European continent, the Czech Republic shares borders with Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria. A relatively small area of the Czech Republic includes various landscapes and reliefs. Most parts of the country have uplands, plateaus, and mountains of medium height. The territory of the Czech Republic can be divided into 3 parts: Moravia, Bohemia, and Silesia. The region of Bohemia located in the west of the country lies in the valleys of the Elbe and Vltava rivers. On three sides it is surrounded by mountains. Moravia, which occupies the eastern part of the Czech Republic, is also surrounded by low mountains and located between the rivers Morava and Oder. The entire territory of Silesia is situated in Sudetes Mountains. Thus, the center of the Czech Republic is occupied by plains, a chain of mountains stretches along its borders. In the south of the country are many ponds and various hydraulic structures.
The Czech Republic has a rich culture and a complicated history. The latter is reflected in the character of Czechs - they are typically quite private …
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A relatively small territory of the state accommodates a really huge number of reserves - as many as 1350! Nature reserves occupy over 12% of the entire Czech territory. The country also has 3 national parks. These are the Czech Switzerland, the Krkonoše, and Šumava. Environmental protection is not empty words for Czechs. They've managed to preserve ecosystems on their territory in excellent condition. That is why the present-day Czech Republic is home to about 90 species of fauna, over 100 species of birds, 13 species of reptiles, and more than 1000 representatives of the flora.
Near the Czech-German border in the north-west of the Czech Republic you can find the youngest national park Czech Switzerland founded in 2000. Pravčice Gate became the central attraction of the Czech Switzerland. It is a 16-meter-high sandstone arch. But people come here not only for its sake. Mountaineering enthusiasts often delight themselves with climbing the local mountains. Thrill seekers can go rafting along mountain rivers or rent a bike to master cycle trails, some of which reach up to 300 meters in height. Ordinary tourists enjoy hiking on numerous routes of varying difficulty. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
Due to its eventful history, the Czech Republic is filled with picturesque, unique and interesting places attracting crowds of tourists. Charles …
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The Krkonoše Park founded in 1963 became the most famous Czech national park. It is located 130 kilometers to the north-east from the capital. The park covers 186,000 square kilometers. The purpose of its creation was the protection of pine forests and the origins of many rivers. Only a quarter of the entire area of the park is open to the public. However, it is quite enough for tourists. When visiting the park, one can admire such mountains as Snezhka, Luční, Studniční. The heights of their peaks reach 1500 meters above sea level. The Krkonoše Mountains surprise visitors with numerous waterfalls, mountain lakes with clear water, and a rich diversity of flora and fauna. Over 1,250 different plant species grow in the park, there are 240 mammal and 590 insect species.
The Šumava National Park is recognized as the largest Czech forest land. It stretches 150 kilometers along the Czech-German border. Most of the park's mountain range is covered by a dense forest. The park occupying an area of 685 square kilometers was included in the list of UNESCO biosphere reserves in 1990. The Kašperské Mountains are part of the park where areas of glacier retreat have been preserved by mother nature. Tourists have a great time relaxing by one of the five large lakes. The territory of the park is perfect for hiking in the fresh air. Fans of outdoor activities will have a chance to go rafting, skiing or mountaineering. The Šumava offers great wildlife photography opportunities. The park, formerly hunting lands, is inhabited by a small number of animals - just about 70 species. However, nearly 80% of the Šumava area is occupied by beautiful forests, plains of foothills, and marshes.
Nightclubs in the Czech Republic are not very different from clubs in other European countries. Popular “Roxy Prague” in the Old Town can still be …
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The White Carpathians Reserve has long become popular around the world. Its territory spreads on the Carpathian slopes in the eastern part of the Czech Republic. The area of the reserve included in the list of UNESCO reserves in 1996 is 715 square kilometers. Over 2000 species of plants can be found on a relatively small protected area. This number includes 44 endangered species. Some plants are recognized as endemic and listed in the Red Book. The reserve has such resorts as Uherský Brod, Uherské Hradiště, and Zlín famous for their healing mineral springs.
Czech Republic guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Czech Republic

Reference information
Map of all parks
National and city parks of Czech Republic
♥   National Park 'České Švýcarsko' . On the map   Photos
♥   National Park 'Šumava' . On the map   Photos

Famous places and sights of Czech Republic

Castle Rozmberk

From the series “The Most Mysterious Buildings (Houses, Palaces, Castles) in the World”
The Czech Republic has also a lot of amazing mystical symbols, including the beautiful Castle Rožmberk, which was built in the 13th century. The fortress bears the name of its founders. According to one legend, spirit of Perchta, the daughter of Ulrich Rosenberg, lives there. When the girl was 20 years old, her father decided to marry her to a nobleman Jan Liechtenstein. Perchta many years lived in misery eating the dust from her abusive husband, his mother and sisters.

On his deathbed, the nobleman asked his wife for forgiveness, but she said him nay; that’s why he cursed her. The curse was so strong, that after more than 500 years the spirit of Perchta can’t find a resting place and lives in the ancient castle. Locals call the ghost the White Lady and consider it to be a guardian ... Read all
All unique sightseeing Czech Republic
Country maps Maps of Czech Republic
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Czech Republic
Map of cities Cities map of Czech Republic
Map of regions Map of regions in Czech Republic
Map of relief Relief map of Czech Republic

Photogallery of Czech Republic

Cultural sights in regions of Czech Republic

Prague
Continue your observation of the city and its architectural landmarks by visiting Belvedere Palace. The palace is the most beautiful building in the city and a gorgeous example of the Renaissance style. The construction of the palace took place by order of King Ferdinand; the building is distinguished not only by … Read more
Karlovy Vary
The castle is located on a rocky promontory above the Tepla River. Several centuries ago an important trading route was located here. For many years the castle remained the main protective facility of the region. This was the place where traders brought the customs fee. Not so long ago a reliquary was found in the … Read more
Brno
Freedom Square is a perfect place for unhurried walks. You will be amazed by beautiful old buildings located near it. Yet several centuries ago the square was the main place of meetings of merchants and artisans. Nowadays you will see cozy restaurants and cafes instead of outlets and stalls. A visit to St John's … Read more
Plzen
Episcopacy building can be called the most effective monument of Baroque style without any doubts, and great synagogue building was built in original moor-romance style. The great cultural city’s establishment is Brewing Museum, all the city’s guests visit it. Brewing trips are also popular for curious tourists … Read more
Ostrava
Near Masarykove Square is one of Ostrava's most beautiful architectural monuments - the Old Town Hall (Stará Radnice). The picturesque building with a beautiful tower was erected in 1539 and served its intended purpose until 1930. In the first half of the 20th century, the city got a new City Hall building so it was … Read more
Liberec
In the 17th century, a monastery was founded in the castle and some important relics were brought here. Bezděz became a pilgrimage center, every year it was visited by over 40,000 people. In 1932, the castle became a property of Karl Wallenstein, a descendant of one of the fortress' last owners. A large-scale … Read more

Czech Republic: Map of sightseeing in regions

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