OrangeSmile Tours Best destinations around the world - Travel Guide

Sightseeing in Cologne - what to see. Complete travel guide

Cologne is a city with long and interesting history. It was founded by the Romans. First mentions about Cologne date back to 50 B.C. In the Middle Ages the population of this oldest city in Germany was already about 40000 people. In Cologne people searched university education, free trade and well-educated citizen to talk to; all these factors helped the city to enter the list of the richest and most powerful European cities of that time. During the Second World War almost 90% of the central part of Cologne was destroyed, and 72% of its territory was bombed. When the war was finished, a few historical places, which remained after bombing, were tediously restored. Their reconstruction was a true success. Most of the historical places have been rebuilt, and they make the city very attractive and fascinating.
Cycling around the city is very popular among travellers. Rent-A-Bike is considered the most famous bike rental service. Here you are allowed to rent a bike starting from a few hours till … Open
The Altstadt. The Altstadt is the oldest area in Cologne. This is the place, where such world-famous places of interest as Cologne Cathedral, different museums and the House of Cologne 4711 are located. The majority of the area consists of narrow cobbled streets. This is the place, where one can find a lot of traditional restaurants, cafes and breweries. All in all, Cologne is the location of 24 breweries, which produce and sell the local sort of light beer called 'Colsh'.
Cologne Cathedral. Cologne Cathedral is the biggest gothic cathedral in Germany. This is the unchanged symbol of the city. The building works started in 1248 and ended only in 1880. The cathedral was built on the site where the meeting of the Christians took place during the period of Roman Imperia. Cologne Cathedral miraculously remained undamaged during the Second World War. Its height is 144 m and its width is 86 m. The towers of the cathedral are 157 m tall. The treasure house of Cologne Cathedral is the most valuable one in Europe. It is even richer than the treasure house of the Vatican. Gero Cross is the most famous item there. This is a coloured wooden crucifix, created by order of Cologne archbishop Gero in 975. The death of Christ on the cross is expressed very realistically. It was a true eye-opener at that time. However, the Shrine of the Three Kings is surely the main treasure of Cologne Cathedral. These are the relics of the three saint kings (three Magi: Caspar, Melchior and Balthazar). The relics are kept in the biggest golden sarcophagus in Western Europe. Do not forget to go up to the top of the left tower of the cathedral as it features truly stunning and wonderful view of the city. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
1. Tourists are recommended to purchase WelcomeCard, which gives you the right to get reduced fares in public transport. In addition to this, owners of the card receive a discount when … Open
The House of Cologne 4711. The House of Cologne 4711 is a world-known shop in Cologne, where one can buy the 񠗗' cologne. The house is situated in Glockengasse. 'Eau de cologne' is literally translated as ' water from Cologne'. This perfume appeared in 1709 thanks to Johann Maria Farina, who turned Cologne into the city of perfume. His perfume company has the reputation of the oldest in the world. Later, other shops and factories followed his example and started producing cologne. However, the House of Cologne 4711 remains the most popular and respected one. It got its name from the number of the house and soon the name became a trade mark.
The Museum of Chocolate. The Museum of Chocolate is located in a big house on the peninsula. The official name of the museum is Imhoff-Schokoladen-Museum. This is the place where visitors can learn about the whole 3000 year long history of chocolate. The museum was opened in 1993, and at that time it was the 1st museum of chocolate. In the end of every excursion visitors are welcome to try the main exhibit of the museum simply by dipping a waffle into a chocolate fountain. Tourists should remember one thing - the museum is closed on Mondays.
Without a doubt, Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) remains one of the most popular and frequently visited landmarks in the city, and so every day thousands of visitors come to see the … Open
The City Hall. The first documental record about the City Hall belongs to the period of 1135-1152. At that time is was called The Citizen House. When the city got the status of a free city-country, it was decided to add a tower to the City Hall. The tower has late gothic style and it's decorated with more than 130 stone statues. This is the building, where the well-known 'Platz-Jabbec' is located (it's a mystic face, which opens its month and shows its tongue every time the currants start ringing). In 1569 William Fernukker added a Renaissance outhouse to the front. This City Hall bower was saved during the Second World War; unfortunately we can't say the same about the building of the City Hall, which was destroyed by fire. The reconstruction of the building became the symbol of the revival of life. In 1950 Cologne craftsmen created the 'workshop of builders and stone dressers for the City Hall reconstruction'.
Cologne Louis Museum. Louis Museum is a great place to get acquainted with modern German art. The museum is situated behind Cologne Cathedral in the centre of the city. The museum exhibits works of different times, starting from the previous century till the present day. The section dedicated to American pop-art is the most famous one. It features the largest collection of works in this style outside the US. It contains works by Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns and Roy Fox Lichtenstein. There are also numerous works by Picasso.
Im Wasserturm is an old water tower that attracted the attention of French architect Andree Putman and she put her creative vision into this project. The unusual architecture of the tower, … Open
Roman-Germanic Museum. The Roman-Germanic Museum is the place where unique archaeological objects are exhibited. They were found during the excavations on the site of an ancient Roman town, in the territory of which Cologne was built. The museum was built on the ruins of the Roman villa of the 3rd century and opened in 1974. The museum is located not far from Cologne Cathedral. The mosaic depicting Dionysus is, without a doubt, its greatest exhibit. The floor made of ceramic tiles of 225 AD once used to decorate the villa.
Cologne - guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

City tours, excursions and tickets in Cologne and surroundings

Reference information
Map of all shopping areas
Shopping streets in Cologne
♥   Shopping area ' Hohe Straße' Cologne, 0.4 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Shopping area ' Schildergasse' Cologne, 0.6 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Map of all castles
Survived castles around Cologne
♥   Castle 'Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces' , 13 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Schloss Burg near Solingen' , 25.8 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Palais Schaumburg' , 26.9 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Ehreshoven Castle' , 27.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Godesburg Festung' , 31.4 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Map of all parks
National and city parks around Cologne
♥   National Park 'De Meinweg' , 65.6 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   National Park 'De Groote Peel' , 91.3 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   National Park 'De Maasduinen' , 93.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   National Park 'Eifel' , 111.7 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   National Park 'Veluwezoom' , 139.3 km from the center. On the map   Photo
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Cologne and around
♥   Art museum 'Romano-Germanic Museum' Cologne, 0.1 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Art museum 'Museum Ludwig' Cologne, 0.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Art museum 'Museum für Angewandte Kunst (Cologne)' Cologne, 0.2 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Art museum 'Wallraf-Richartz Museum' Cologne, 0.4 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Art museum 'Schnütgen Museum' Cologne, 0.8 km from the center. On the map   Photo

Sights around Cologne from our guide 'Extreme places on Earth'

Aachen Cathedral

From the series “Top 15 Unesco Sites in Europe”
A lot of amazing legends relate to the cathedral. According to one of them, the money for the construction was donated by the Devil himself. In exchange, he wanted to take the soul of the first creature who will come to the finished cathedral. Local residents managed to outwit the devil. When the cathedral was completed, they let a wolf come first. A number of outstanding historical events are associated with the place. Here, 35 kings and 14 queens of the German Empire were enthroned. Today, the Aachen Cathedral is as majestic as hundreds of years ago. Once inside, it’s impossible to look away from artistic colorful stained-glass windows, marble walls and ceilings, incredible painting, and other items of decor. … Read further

Zeche Zollverein

From the series “The Scariest Mines in the World”
After admiring priceless artifacts in museums, it’s worth to have a stroll through the deserted underground; just the simple descent via worn metal ladders makes adrenaline go rushing. Many mysterious stories are associated with Zeche Zollverein mines, as many industrialists have faced there with phenomenon of abnormal knocks. Tourists who visit these places often hear unexplained sounds. They are so distinct and realistic, that it seems that there is still active work in some areas of mines. … Read further
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Rentals in Cologne

Search touristic sites on the map of Cologne

Address/Sight name City/Region Country Within radius, km
 Types of touristic objects to search for
Hotels & Car rental
Carhire locations
0 star
1 star
2 stars
3 stars
4 stars
5 stars
Touristic places
Art galleries
Churches/Temples
Museums
Castles/Palaces
Monuments
Touristic areas
Sightseeings
Attractions
Attraction parks
Casino
Theaters/Cinema
Disco/Clubs
Parks
Zoo
Aqua parks
Transport
Airports
Train stations
Bus stations
Metro
Parkings
Fuel stations
Ports/Ferries
Open the list of object types
Health/Sport
Open the list of object types
Food/Money
Open the list of object types
Shopping
Open the list of object types
Beauty/Medicine
Open the list of object types
City services
Open the list of object types
Useful services

Sightseeing in regions nearby Cologne

All about Cologne, Germany - sightseeings, attractions, touristic spots, architecture, history, culture and cuisine. Prepare your trip together with OrangeSmile.com - find out the 'must see' things in Cologne, which places to visit, which excursions to take, where the breathtaking views are waiting for you. Planning your trip with this travel guide will help your to get the most out of Cologne in few days.
OrangeSmile.com - online travel reservation expert providing reliable car rental and hotel booking services. We feature more than 25.000 destinations with 12.000 rental offices and 200.000 hotels worldwide.
Secure Server
Head office
Weegschaalstraat 3, Eindhoven
5632 CW, The Netherlands
+31 40 40 150 44


Copyright © 2002 - OrangeSmile Tours B.V. | OrangeSmile.com | Under the direction and management of IVRA Holding B.V. - Registered at Kamer van Koophandel (KvK), The Netherlands No. 17237018