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Politics, constitution and administrative structure of Austria

Impressionen aus Linz Austria is a federal republic. The Constitution was signed in 1920. It reflects all the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens, the principles of equality, the basic division of power, etc. Amendments to the constitution were made repeatedly. They were adapted due to the modern requirements of the people. The country works on the basis of democracy, therefore all power comes from the people; their decisions are reflected in elections. The capital of Austria is Vienna. The federation of the republic includes 9 regions or lands. Each federation is divided into certain communities, within which the own system of self-government operates. The state control is carried out on several levels: political, legal, economic, and penal.
Austria has long been located at the intersection of routes to various European countries. This has led to the fact that the hotel industry is well …
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The head of Austria is a president elected for a period of six years. At the same time, Austrians do not have an option to elect the same candidate. Direct equal elections are held by the secret ballot. The power of the president is in some way formal and is based, for the most part, only on the representative activity. Presidential duties include appointing or dismissing various officials and deputies, making a candidature for the Chancellor, and other members of the government. If, in the common opinion of the President and the Bundesrat Assembly, the activities of the National Council are found to be illegal or ineffective, the president may completely dissolve the council. The president of the country is also the commander-in-chief of internal troops.
The Federal Assembly is the supreme body of legislative power. It consists of two chambers. The first chamber is called the Bundesrat. It embraces 62 deputies. They are appointed by lands. For the implementation of full democracy, the number of deputies entering the council is proportional to the population of a particular land. Deputies are elected for 5-6 years. The second chamber is called the National Council. It includes three times as many deputies, or 183 seats. They are elected by means of a nationwide voting. Their terms of service are 5 years. Partial lists during the election are partially open. The government is headed by the Supreme Chancellor carrying a responsibility for the formation of the Cabinet of Ministers and overseeing its activities. The Chancellor can not take any decision without the consent of the Vice-Chancellor. Copyright
Tourists travel to Austria to experience the local flavor and amazing features. The festivals and traditions of the Austrian people are the best for …
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The main parties in Austria are the Social Democrats and the Freedom Party. As a result of the last elections, they took the majority of seats in the parliament. The political stability of Austria is based on the proportionality of the legislative system. If the elected president belongs to the same party, then the position of the chancellor may be occupied by a person from the opposite. The judicial structure of Austria is headed by the Supreme Court. It considers both criminal and civil cases. There is also the Constitutional Court that regulates the observance of all constitutional canons. It also resolves disputed and conflict situations that arise during an interaction of various government agencies. The Administrative Court reviews cases related to the legality of public administration.
Maria Hilferkirche, Graz Trade unions are strong in the country. Each individual union closely interacts with the government as a whole. The Federal Chamber of Labor is considering all trade-union organizational issues. Historically, Austria's political system has been oriented towards maintaining peace and prosperity within the country. Only in the early 2000s, during the adoption of a major retirement reform, mass protests and actions were observed. The foreign policy of the country is loyal and non-aggressive. As a rule, Austria occupies neutral military and political positions at the international arena. After the country joined the European Union, Austria became a member of NATO. The number of land and air forces is about 50 thousand.
Austria guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Places in Austria famous worldwide

Harakiri Ski Slope

From the series “Top 13 Furious Ski Resorts and Pistes”
The name of 'Harakiri' ski slope, located on the territory of the Austrian health resort Mayrhoven, speaks for itself and completely reflects the level of its complexity. 'Harakiri' is considered to be the steepest ski slope in Austria. On some of their routes the inclination forms 78 degrees. Not even all professional athletes manage to overcome such a difficult run, not to mention self-assured amateur athletes.

Severe shocks, breaks and contortions - so only the most harmless consequences the inexperienced skiers can get after the impetuous and short descent. The world-famous sportsman Tobias Fankhauser was one of the first to take advantage of the 'black' course and to use it for regular training sessions. He held the successful descent to 'Harakiri' piste for the highest sports ... Read all
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Photogallery of famous places of Austria

Electorate - mentality of people in Austria regions

The indifferent attitude of locals to coffee has also become a notable feature of Vienna. You will surely see numerous coffee shops during your walk on the streets of Vienna. They have long become the most favorite place of rest for the local people. On evenings and during the lunchtime the locals gather on terraces … Read more
St. Rupert's Fair is an interesting celebration. During the festival you can also see numerous local residents and tourists wearing beautiful old costumes. Each citizen in the city certainly has a special holiday outfit. Women here wear beautiful dresses and hats that were fashionable several centuries ago, and men … Read more
You will be surprised when you realize how many citizens ski in any free time. It's kind of a national sport here. Children are sent for training from 4-5 years. Young skiers participate in competitions at the age of 7. Local residents generally love to play sports and take care of their own health. You will rarely … Read more
Republic Day (or National Day) is the most favorite national holiday of local people. It is celebrated annually on October 26. The holiday is the time for numerous interesting events, concerts and performances. However, the majority of residents prefer to leave the city for the holiday, and relax on the countryside. … Read more
A few days after the end of the festival haute cuisine another large-scale festival, which will be interesting to all jazz fans, starts. Usually Jazz Festival takes place in the last week of March; not less than twenty concerts are held within festival. Among the participants of the festival, there are young music … Read more
In order to thank the nature for rich harvest, it was decided to organize various colorful performances. These days this amazing medieval feast is celebrated in a larger scale. The main city park has become the main platform on which most of performances are held. The territory of the park becomes the location of … Read more

Austria: traditions in regions

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