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Austria

Cultural sightseeing in Austria. What to visit - museums, temples, castles and palaces

Kirchberg in Tirol by Night The original culture of Austria is of great interest. For many centuries, the Austrians have absorbed many aspects from different European states. A lot of cultural sights are scattered throughout the country. The main cultural center of Austria is its capital, Vienna. It has had a serious impact on the whole Europe. For a long time, Vienna has being considered a kind of center of music. Great composers, such as Schubert, Strauss, Beethoven and, of course, Mozart were living there. Many temples in unique Romanesque style have survived in Austria. There are real masterpieces of Gothic architecture.
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To the date, there are more than 400 museums of different specializations in Austria. One of the most significant is the Museum of Art History in Vienna, founded in 1889. The architect Gottfried Semper created a majestic project, so the building itself is worthy of attention. Many tourists are interested in the museum of Swarovski. The entrance to it is set in a giant's head overgrown with grass, and all the halls are hidden under ground. You can look in the museum of Sigmund Freud to see the expositions that tell about the life and work of the famous doctor. Don't forget about the main art museum in Vienna representing a palace complex with luxury interiors. Now, it also serves as the office of the President and the Chancellor of the Republic.
Not only architectural, but also natural attractions of Austria have a great value. Most of the country is on a hill about 1 000 meters above sea level. The Alpine mountains have become a source of inspiration, both for the Austrians themselves and for many visitors. You can admire the views in summer and in winter from numerous observation platforms. Copyright www.orangesmile.com
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The historical center of Salzburg that is officially protected by UNESCO, deserves attention. Great masters of the past worked on its creation. During walks, you can reach Getreidegasse, where Mozart was born and lived. The historical center is a combination of a variety of styles, including Baroque, Gothic, and early Renaissance. The great composer had a significant influence on the development of Austria. His works were opened at the opening of the Vienna State Opera in 1869. Now, this is a majestic state structure, which many music lovers would like to see. The historical center of Vienna also deserves your attention. The square in front of the Cathedral of St. Stefan is worth visiting.
Eggenberg Palace In Austria, a huge number of different palaces and temples were built in different periods during more than a thousand years. Hohensalzburg Castle belongs to one of the oldest structures of this type. Founded in 1077, it was repeatedly rebuilt and reinforced. Once, it has served as a military fortification; later, it was a prison. Now, it is a large museum, where collections of weapons and torture chambers are represented. Austria has its own Versailles - the Schönbrunn Palace - that was erected in the same style with the Parisian ensemble of palaces. The luxurious complex is surrounded by green gardens; the entrance is decorated with a beautiful arch. Schönbrunn is famous primarily for the fact that Napoleon, as well as other historical figures lived there. Tourists will be able to look at the green labyrinth, as well as the exposition of different sculptures. In Austria, many architectural monuments in various styles, as well as interesting places where a variety of cultural events are held, can be seen.
Austria guide chapters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Fantastic City Tours and Excursions in Austria

Reference information
Map of all art museums
Art galleries in Austria
♥   Art museum 'Albertina' Vienna. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Essl Museum' Klosterneuburg. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Künste' Vienna. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Kunsthistorisches Museum' Vienna. On the map   Photos
♥   Art museum 'Lentos Art Museum' Linz. On the map   Photos
Map of all churches
Cathedrals and basilicas in Austria
♥   Basilika Maria Loreto, Sankt Andrä im Lavanttal. On the map   Photos
♥   Dom Maria Himmelfahrt, Gurk. On the map   Photos
♥   Basilika Mariä Heimsuchung, Güssing. On the map   Photos
♥   Dom Sankt Ägydius, Graz. On the map   Photos
♥   Basilika Maria Trost, Graz. On the map   Photos
♥   Dom Sankt Nikolaus, Feldkirch. On the map   Photos
♥   Dom Sankt Jakob, Innsbruck. On the map   Photos
Map of all palaces
Palaces in Austria
♥   Palace 'Alte Residenz' Salzburg. On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Belvedere Palace' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Hofburg Palace' . On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Schloss Ambras' Innsbruck. On the map   Photos
♥   Palace 'Schönbrunn Palace' . On the map   Photos
Country maps Maps of Austria
Car rental on OrangeSmile.com Car rental in Austria

Top cultural sites of Austria: monuments, theaters and churches

Capuchin Church, Vienna

Location on the map:   Photogallery:   Interesting facts:
» Kapuzinerkirhe is the church and monastery of the Capuchin Order in Vienna.
» The Capuchin Church is famous for its Imperial Crypt that is the resting place of Habsburg emperors and members of their families.
» Twelve emperors, nineteen empresses and many other members of Habsburgs (137 people) are buried in the crypt.
» Last burial in the tomb was in 2011, when the last crown prince of Habsburg, Otto von Habsburg, lost his life.

Church of St. Leopold, Vienna

Location on the map:   Photogallery:   Interesting facts:
» The Church of St. Leopold is the Roman Catholic church built on the site of the Vienna Psychiatric Hospital.
» The church is dedicated to the patron of Austria, St. Leopold.
» Interior was created keeping in mind that most of parishioners were psychiatric patients. All corners inside the church are rounded, and the altar is separated from the main hall.
» The temple provides separate access for men and women; it has special service outlets for medical evacuations.
» The ceiling under the main dome of the church is adorned with symbols of the four evangelists, and stained-glass windows are decorated with images of saints.

Hofburg Palace, Vienna

Location on the map:   Photogallery:   Interesting facts:
» Hofburg Palace once was the residence of the most influential people in the European and Austrian history, including representatives of Habsburg Dynasty, which were rulers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
» Currently, Hofburg is the official residence of the President of Austria.
» The palace complex includes emperor’s apartments, the Imperial Chapel, the Imperial Treasury, the Imperial Horse Stables, the Winter Riding Hall and the Austrian National Library.
» The Imperial Treasury houses priceless national and historical relics of the Holy Roman and Austro-Hungarian empires.
» The Spanish Riding School is open to visitors even these days. At all times, the purpose of the school was to preserve the classical art of riding and educating new masters.
» The Winter Riding Hall placed in the walls of the imperial palace is home to fine Lippizaner horses.

Karlskirche, Vienna

Location on the map:   Photogallery:   Interesting facts:
» Karlskirche is the Catholic Church made in style of Viennese Baroque.
» This church is considered one of the largest and most prominent buildings in the city.
» The building is notable due to a huge dome and two tall columns at the sides.
» Its facade is very amazing. There are angels at the entrance to the church, and 4 virtues of repentance, mercy, humility and faith on the front side of the building.
» The walls and ceilings of the church are decorated with magnificent frescoes by famous masters.

Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Location on the map:   Photogallery:   Interesting facts:
» The Kunsthistorisches Museum is the famous art museum in Vienna, opened in 1891.
» The Kunsthistorisches Museum is almost identical in appearance with the Naturhistorisches Museum.
» In fact, the museum is a rich art collection of the Austrian imperial court.
» The Kunsthistorisches Museum can boast collections of Egyptian and Middle Eastern art, a collection of Greek and Roman antiquities, a collection of sculpture and decorative arts. The museum also has a library.
»  Works represented in the museum were created by Giorgione, Titian, Giovanni Bellini, Lorenzo Lotto, Bernardo Strozzi and many others.

St. Peter Church, Vienna

Location on the map:   Photogallery:   Interesting facts:
» The St. Peter Church is the Roman Catholic parish church in Vienna; the building is constructed in Baroque style.
» Everywhere in the temple, you can see images and symbols of the Holy Trinity, as the temple is dedicated to it.
» A wonderful dome of emerald color is decorated with beautiful frescoes.
» Rich interior details of the St. Peter Church make it even more spectacular.
» The St Peter Church houses a glass coffin containing the remains of St. Benedict.

St. Stephen Cathedral, Vienna

Location on the map:   Photogallery:   Interesting facts:
» The St. Stephen Cathedral is the Roman Catholic cathedral, which is the national symbol of Austria.
» The Cathedral is one of the most important religious buildings in the capital of Austria. It has witnessed many important events in the history of this country and became one of the most recognizable symbols of Vienna.
» In 1741, funeral of the Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi took place in the Cathedral of St. Stephen.
» The church was built of limestone and was originally white, but over the centuries the facade was painted black because of the soot and other air pollutants. However, recent restoration projects have returned original white color to some parts of the building.
» The St. Stephen Cathedral can be seen on Austrian euro dime.

Votive Church, Vienna

Location on the map:   Photogallery:   Interesting facts:
» The Votive Church is the neo-Gothic Roman Catholic church located next to the University of Vienna.
» After the assassination attempt on the life of Emperor Franz Joseph in 1853, the brother of the Emperor Maximilian, Archduke Ferdinand, decided to build a church to thank God for saving the life of the emperor.
» The height of the church is 99 meters, and thus it’s the second highest among Viennese churches.
» One of the most interesting relics is the carved wooden altarpiece from Antwerp dating back to the 15th century.
» The church has the Renaissance tombstone of Count Nicholas Salm, who defended Vienna during the Turkish invasion of 1529.

Culture and monuments in popular cities of Austria

Vienna
Museum of Criminology (Kriminalmuseum), which was opened in 1991, is one of the most unusual cultural institutions. The exposition of the museum is devoted to most notorious crimes that have been committed in Vienna during the last hundred years. Here you can see old photographs, documents concerning the crimes and weapons used in murders. Wiener Karlskirche is a prominent architectural landmark. The church now has lost its religious significance and now is used as a museum. The architecture … Read more
Salzburg
Speaking of natural attractions of this place, we should definitely mention beautiful Mirabell Gardens. Visit this place and you will find here cozy shady squares and beautiful marble sculptures and fountains - the garden is always distinguished by wonderful atmosphere of harmony and tranquility. During the daytime tourists are the main guests of this place, and on evenings here come locals, who enjoy having rest in the garden after a long working day. Fans of excursions will be interested in … Read more
Solden
The symbolic local landmark is the Piccard Memorial (Monument Auguste Picard) erected in 1989. The monument is dedicated to a significant event that took place on May 27, 1931. On this day, Auguste Piccard's stratosphere balloon landed at the Gurgler Ferner glacier (Gurgl), as is reminded by a plaque installed next to the memorial. One of the most interesting religious sites in the region can be found in the immediate vicinity of Sölden, in the village of Obergurgl. This is the Church of St. … Read more
Kaprun
The main religious landmark is the Church of St. Margaret bearing the name of the patroness of these places. In contrast to the fortress, it dates back to a much later period and is a true embodiment of the Gothic style. Within the walls of the church are many priceless religious artifacts and ancient icons. Every year local residents arrange beautiful celebrations in honor of the patron saint. In Hohenwarter Park you will find Kaprun Historical Museum - the place housing lots of priceless … Read more
Seefeld in Tirol
The shrine got its name from the famous Scottish king. The historic building has managed to preserve many original elements. Currently, its main decoration is considered skillful murals painted on the walls back in the 16 century. A lot of wonderful stories are connected with the church, and all its visitors have a chance learn more about them. It's enough to go to the Chapel of the Holy Blood where an interesting old book is kept. It describes the most incredible stories in different … Read more
Innsbruck
The Arch of Triumph is a prominent architectural monument, which was built by the order of Maria Theresa. It was a wedding gift to Kaiser Leopold II. Among the most striking religious attractions of the city is, without a doubt, Cathedral of St. James, which was completed in the first half of the 17th century. The cathedral is made in the Baroque style. Its chief ornament is a beautiful painting of Virgin Mary. Fans of classical music should visit Palace of Congresses, which often hosts … Read more

Austria map of cultural and historical sites

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