Excursion tour in Amsterdam. Top architecture - monuments, castles, temples and palaces
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Royal Palace, Amsterdam
» The palace has been built to serve as a town hall in the Golden Age. Later, the building became the royal palace of King Louis Napoleon, and later it was converted into the Dutch royal palace.
» At present, the venue is used by the monarch for entertaining and formal events. New Year's court is annually held there.
» Numerous halls and galleries of the royal palace are adorned with paintings by Dutch artists, including Rembrandt, Govert Flinck, Jacob Jordaens, Jan Lievens and Ferdinand Bol.
» Rembrandt completed his largest canvas, The Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis, for the new Town Hall.
» Today Westerkerk is the largest Calvinist church in the Netherlands.
» Approximately in 1669, the great Rembrandt was buried at the north wall of Westerkerk.
» The spire of the temple is the tallest church spire in Amsterdam; its height is 85 meters.
» Westerkerk is located very close to the Anne Frank House, where during World War II the Jewish girl Anne, her family and friends have being hid from Nazi persecution for two years. Westerkerk is often mentioned in her diary, as its clock tower is visible from the attic of the house, where the girl was hiding. Now, there is the statue of Anne Frank on the church square.
National Monument, Amsterdam
» Annually on May 4 the memorial ceremony is held in memory of those killed during the WWII and the subsequent armed conflict.
» The central part of the monument is a 22-meter column-cone. Four chained male figures of the monument symbolize the suffering during the war.
» Two more figures, symbols of the clerisy (left) and working class (right) united into a single cohesive resistance are seen on both sides of the monument. A dog howling at their feet symbolizes the pain and dedication.
» Above the central bas-relief of the memorial there is a sculpture of a woman with a child and pigeons around them; that’s a symbol of victory, peace, and a new life. Doves are the symbol of liberation from the yoke of Nazism.
State Museum, Amsterdam
» In 2013, the State Museum became the most visited museum in the Netherlands, with a record number of 2.2 million visitors.
» The museum has a collection of art (paintings, sculptures and decorative arts, the art of Asia), a collection of historical items (archaeological artifacts, paintings, sculptures, clothing) and a collection of drawings, prints and photographs.
» In total, the museum displays about 8,000 works of art and history. The total number of exhibits is more than one million.
» The art collection is based on numerous works by Dutch masters of 15-19th centuries, in particular, the famous masters of the 17th century. The most notable are Rembrandt, Vermeer and Hals, as well as de Hooch, Steen, Ruisdael van der Gelst, van Scorel and others.
Church of St. Nicholas, Amsterdam
» The special niche in the top of the gable houses the statue of the patron saint of the church and the city, St. Nicholas. St. Nicholas is also the patron saint of travelers, merchants and sailors.
» Recently the church has been completely renovated; inside the church there is a fully functioning organ dating back to the 19th century. Organ concerts are held there from time to time.
» The church is decorated with two majestic towers; between them there is rose-like window depicting Jesus and the four Evangelists.
» The church has cross-like shape with three outbuildings.
South Church, Amsterdam
» History of the South Church is closely associated with life of Rembrandt, whose house was situated nearby. Three children of the artist were buried in this church.
» Rembrandt wrote the famous painting, Night Watch, in this church, as his workshop was too small for that.
» In summer for a small fee you can climb the 70-meter bell tower of the church offering spectacular panorama of the city.
» Currently, the church is a tourist landmark. After restoration of the temple, liturgy is no longer held there. The room of the shrine is now used for temporary exhibitions.
Beurs van Berlage, Amsterdam
» Berlage Stock Exchange was built from 1898 to 1903. The building housed several different exchanges, including stock, grain, currency and freight.
» Beurs van Berlage is decorated with three statues: the statue of the legendary founder of Amsterdam, knight Gijsbrecht van Aemstel, the statue of Admiral and the conqueror of the 17th century, Jan Peterson Kuhn, and the statue of Hugo Grotius, who was the famous Dutch jurist and statesman.
» Currently the exchange building is open to the public as the museum that represents the history of Beurs van Berlage.
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