Year: 1967. Height: 87 meters.
The Motherland Calls sculpture situated in Volgograd, Russia, is also well known outside of the country. This impressive monument is located in the most emblematic part of the city, at the Mamayev Kurgan. The most bloody battles took place here during WWII. After war, it was decided to build a large memorial complex. The central place there occupies The Motherland Calls Sculpture.
The author of the monument is the greatest sculptor, Evgeny Vucetich. It took 8 years to erect the sculpture. Nikolai Nikitin was the structural engineer of the project. He managed to pick up the scale so the complex design structure wasn't destroyed or lost its harmony. The statue is a huge figure of a woman who steps forward with a raised sword. In this way the author has embodied the image of the motherland that encourages her sons to protect their land from the enemy.
At the time of the opening, the statue, whose height is 87 meters, was the highest in the world. The main building materials were metal and concrete. About 2 400 tons of metal structures, as well as 5 500 tonnes of concrete were used to create the statue. One of the most difficult elements of the sculpture is the sword that is 33 meters long. It was originally made of the stainless steel sheathed with titanium sheets. This arrangement did not last long. The sword was strongly swayed in the wind and could cause a destruction of the monument. In 1972, it was replaced by the sword of the fluorinated steel, which decorates with a sculpture for more than forty years. Next - Monument to Peter I
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