The country of rich history that has kept many antique and medieval sights, Macedonia is famous not only as an international centre of history and culture, but also as a popular destination for mountain tourism and active rest. The most popular landmarks are located in the capital of the country, the city of Skopje. The centre of the city is the location of the beautiful Kale Fortress that was built in the 11th century. The square, which surrounds the fortress, is also the largest market area in the city. Daud Pasha Baths are another interesting destination in Skopje. Originally built by Turks, the baths have been converted into a picture gallery.
There are several important religious landmarks in the city, such as Sveti Spas Church, Mustafa Pasha and Sultan Murat Mosque. The old part of Skopje also has such interesting places as the Museum of Macedonia, the Museum of Modern Art and the National Theatre of Macedonia. The majority of cultural facilities are located in the newer part of Skopje. Here travellers will find several exhibition galleries, theatres and museums. Such places as the City Museum, the Historic Archive of Skopje, the National Museum of History, the Museum of Natural Science of Macedonia, the Culture Gallery and the building of Academy are also known as the most interesting cultural and educational facilities of the city.
The most unusual landmark of the antique period in Macedonia is located in Bitola. We are talking about the ruins of the ancient city named Heraclea Lyncestis that was founded by order of Philip II of Macedon in the 4th century BC. Several squares, ruins of houses and a large forum are the only remaining buildings from once a magnificent city. Fans of nature are recommended to make an excursion to Doiran Lake, visit canyons of the Treska and Matka rivers and see mineral springs in Debar. These are the most beautiful places of Macedonia, where travellers will be able to see spectacular waterfalls, amazing caves and charming valleys.
The piedmont region of the country is home to several old monasteries that were named after St. Andrew, St. Jovan Bigorski, St. Nikola Shishovski and St. Geoge’s Church. All the buildings were constructed in the 12th – 15th centuries and keep many precious religious artefacts, collections of icons and furniture. Finally, travellers, who enjoy attending various excursions, are recommended to visit the city of Ohrid. It is located on the shore of a beautiful lake and was founded by ancient Romans. Nowadays Ohrid attracts numerous visitors who come to see its main landmarks – Samuel Fortress, Sveti Sofia Basilica and Sveti Jovan Kaneo Church. A visit to these wonderful historic buildings will surely leave many warm memories.
Read further: Cities and sights of Macedonia