First settlers appeared on the territory of the modern Great Britain yet during prehistoric times, so there are more than many old buildings, interesting museums and historic landmarks in the country. Stonehenge remains one of most famous and mystic symbols of the country. There are many theories about the purpose of the monument. Some scientists believe that this is an ancient religious monument, and others assume it is an old observatory.
London is the oldest city in the country. It was founded yet during the times of the Roman Empire, and at that time London was known as Londinium. There are several buildings that remind of first settlers and that period in the history of the city. The border with Scotland is the location of a very interesting landmark – Hadrian’s Wall. The wall was built in the 2nd century by order of Emperor Hadrian and was named after him. The purpose of the wall was to protect the city from barbarian attacks. City gates in Colchester and Lincoln have survived till our days. These ancient cities also feature ruins of historic buildings, old temples and protective facilities.
Despite the fact that the exploration of the country started yet during the prehistoric era, there are many wonderful pieces of nature in the country. Kent Country is considered the most picturesque and beautiful part of the UK. Sometimes it is even called “the garden of the United Kingdom”. Another unique nature reserve has appeared near Lake Loch Ness, which is famous because of numerous legends. The largest national park in the country is located in the so called Lakeland. Here travellers will be offered to participate in excursions to the Hebrides and the Orkney Islands, as well as in rides to the “Bird Island” officially known as Bass Rock.
When it comes to architecture landmarks, Westminster Abbey has the honourable right to be mentioned first. The building of the abbey started yet in the 11th century. There are graves of kings and noble people in territory of the sanctuary. The history of Westminster Abbey is tightly connected to the history of British royal families and aristocracy. Buckingham Palace and the park in front of it are very famous landmarks of the medieval period. Luxurious halls and rooms of the palace keep priceless relics, jewellery of the royal family and a big collection of art. While talking about famous buildings, it’s simply impossible to fail to mention London Tower. During its 9 centuries long history, Tower changed its status many times; it was a fortress, a king’s residence, a treasury, an observatory, but it was always an important building.
Read further: Cities and sights of Great Britain