Armenia is a country of old history and rich heritage. There are many places of interest in the country, and the majority of them are located in its capital, the city of Yerevan, and its suburbs. Probably, the best way to start exploring the city is to visit Republic Square that is home to a large museum complex, governmental buildings and numerous lovely parks and squares. Erivan Fortress is an important tourist destination in the city. Built in the 16th century, the fortress has become a symbol of the historic part of Yerevan. Do not forget to visit Matenadaran – this is a unique cultural center where visitors can see a priceless collection of manuscripts dated back to the 5th – 10th centuries.
Yerevan suburbs are also rich in many places of interest that are worth visiting. Etchmiadzin complex is definitely one of them. Etchmiadzin Cathedral was built yet in the 5th century. There are more historic churches not far from the cathedral – Surb Gayane, Surb Hripsime and Surb Shoghakat. Nowadays, the complex also includes the Academy of Saint Etchmiadzin, the Synod of Armenian Church, Catholicos residency, several museums and libraries that exhibit large collections of unique books and manuscripts.
Of course, not all places of interest in Armenia are located in Yerevan. The city of Gyumri is one more beautiful place that can amaze visitors with its historical and architectural treasures. The fortress that shares its name with the city is the symbol of Gyumri. Several monasteries, an ancient basilica and churches are not a complete list of sights that you will see in the city. The most famous landmarks of Gyumri include Harichavank Monastery, the Cathedral of Ani, Marmashen Monastery, and Harich Monatery. Archeological excavations never stop in the city and its suburbs, especially in Lori Berd Fortress built in the 10th century. There are several historic churches near the fortress, such as Nor Getik, Haghpat Monastery, Haghartsin Monastery and Makaravank.
As you may have already noticed, there are many churches in cathedrals in Armenia. That is true, it’s possible to find old religious buildings in every town and in nearly every village in Armenia. Most of them were built yet in the 10th – 15th centuries, carefully restored and kept for future generations. Artsakh is one of the richest regions in terms of heritage. The region is like a museum in open air as it is home to more than a thousand and five hundred monuments, 500 churches and 600 monastery complexes. Absolutely every street and boulevard breathes history here. Landmarks simply border with each other, but the most famous places of interest are the ruins of Hachen and Vacharq cemetery.
Read further: Cities and sights of Armenia