Erfurt is the capital of Thuringia, a region in central Germany. Erfurt was founded in 742, in the Gera River Valley, and it gets its name from Erpha (the former name of the river), which stood for 'brown water'. The old town of Erfesfurt became home to a Catholic diocese, which gave the town a start as a world-famous religious center. This is also a home town to Germany's fourth university to be founded in 1392. This is the place where Martin Luther got his education and where he took his vows and entered the priesthood. Thus, Erfurt has contributed to the Reformation. During the Middle Ages, Erfurt throve on woad trade.
Today, due to its rich background, which is so observable in its sophisticated architecture and the abundance of churches and monasteries, Erfurt is a place of attraction for tourists. The Augustinian Monastery, where Martin Luther lived as a monk, features exhibits that bear a direct relation to his life.
: guide to Erfurt with maps, photos and weather conditions
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