Limoges is often called the cradle of fire arts; such an unusual name is due to the fact that in the Middle Ages the most original and unique types of crafts have flourished in the city. One of them is production of pitted enamel. In the 15th century, local enamellers have made dishes and decorations of incredible beauty. Traders from different countries came here in search of outlandish product that hadn’t been found in any other city in the world. Masters decorated with enamel their candlesticks, boxes, dishes and even book bindings. Portraits and paintings with biblical motifs that literally valued its weight in gold were works of art. Outlandish craft glorified Limoges. Today, crafts of famous artists can be seen in well-known museums of Paris.
The process of enamel production was called a fire craft, because it requires the use of high temperatures. To create elaborate patterns masters had to smelt copper and colored glass, which are then filled with special notches on different products. This technique allows not only the finest work, but also makes products resistant to damage. Enamel made by high temperatures has been very solid, so crafts could remain intact for many centuries.
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